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Chinese Culture

China is a large country that has distinct ethnic and cultural diversities. The Chinese customs and traditions vary due to different geographical locations and ethnic backgrounds. There are fifty six ethnic groups in china which have a total of approximately one billion people who live and interact peacefully.  The Han Chinese, Manchus, Hezhen, Mongols, just to mention but a few, are some of the minority groups. These communities have cultural diversity in religion, food, language and arts.    

The Chinese language has seven primary dialects which are unique and different. They include the Mandarin, Wu, Yue, Gan, Min, Hakka and Xiang (Zimmermann). Majority of the population in China speak Mandarin while a small percentage of the people have an affiliation with the Gan language (Zimmermann).  The Chinese official language is Putonghua which is a sub-tribe of Mandarin. Food is another cultural diversity in the country. Geographical location and ethnic diversity in China influences the unique food culture in the country. Rice is the most common food for the Chinese people (Zimmermann). Some of the cultural cuisines include the Cantonese and the spicy Szechuan meals.

There are five major legal religions in China which include Buddhism, Catholicism, Islam, Protestantism, and Taoism (Zimmermann). The government, however, is atheist and does not have any affiliation to the religions. Taoism and Confucianism are the main traditional religions in China which have been preserved by the communities. Art is also an example of the diverse Chinese culture. The spiritual and historical backgrounds of the communities influence the various artsin the country (Zimmermann). Buddhism, for instance, is symbolized by various sculptures. Martial arts and kung-fu were created in China.

In summary, China has a huge population with numerous ethnic and cultural affiliations. The various language, arts, religions, and foods are components of a peaceful multicultural society. The Chinese communities preserve their traditions and customs because they are methods of learning.

Works Cited

Zimmermann, Kim Ann. “Chinese Culture: Customs & Traditions of China.” 20 January 2015.

Live Science. 8 January 2017 <http://www.livescience.com/28823-chinese-culture.html>.

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