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Modern China


The Modern China differs from the Historical China in its advancement in technology, economic state, infrastructure and the forms of power administration. It is practical to say that China is undergoing positive growth in the key sectors that drive a country’s economy, to meet the development expectations by both internal and external parties. There is a new evident spirit by the Chinese people to learn the English Language which is perceived to be the key to economic growth, as it presents more intelligence in the fields of arts and science.

Unlike older assumptions where Chinese people were perceived to be xenophobic and isolated, there is a current growth of migrant labor, engagement with the outside world, new forms of land ownership and cities full of sky scrapers. It is therefore conclusive to say that China is regaining its lost glory when it was once a controlling power in global affairs in the 19th century. Despite the advancements, China has managed to maintain some of its cultural tastes and has not entirely been eroded by the Western culture. In summary, Modern China is different from the China ruled by Chairman Mao, who established communism and autocratic rule, which was oppressive in nature towards the Chinese people.

Key facts

Generally, China was shaped by the ideologies of Confucius, a philosopher of the 6th century BCE, who defined their everyday behavior and statecraft. It is more of an ethical system that bears resemblance to the Judeo-Christian norms that Chinese people cannot separate themselves from. The ideology stresses on mutual obligation, education improvement, self-development and an orderly society and more so, it rejects violence and tends to discourage profit making though not entirely opposed to it. Confucius stressed on becoming a person of integrity.

The Modern China still hold similarities to the Old China. These are seen in the fields of politics, economics, social systems and China finding its place or role in the world that is largely dominated by the West. These similarities have risen from the fact that China has not always been isolated from the outside world. Rather, the factors shaping the economic, social and political systems of China have remained constant. Despite the similarities, the Old China was perceived to be weaker by the Western and Japanese imperialists.

The Modern China is characterized by the great advancements in the fields of technology and infrastructure. Examples are the massive Gorge Dams being constructed on River Yangtze. The displaced population is being resettled in urban areas as China moves from its agricultural past to urbanization. These constructions have provided labor to illegal immigrants and casual laborers. In terms of technology, Baidu, which is a local Chinese search engine, dominates the Chinese market which is supported by Google, the Global number one brand.

China has made great advancement in its account surplus as it is evident in its investments, including buying of the assets of the bankrupt British Rover car group in 2005 and helping to blue-chip the UK Barclay’s bank in a Dutch rival take over. Following these events, The People’s Bank of China has been advised to revalue the Yuan or Renminbi upwards. However, with China having the fastest growing economy, it’s also facing major challenges including inequality, corruption, environmental crisis and thousands of demonstrations against political policies and practice.


The writer assumes that modern China is not much different from the ancient China since the people still practice the Confucius ideologies. However, we have witnessed China undergoing major changes in its political systems to the point of initializing the People’s Republic of China in an effort to stabilize economic growth and become a part of the global power.

He also assumes that the Chinese people and political systems were more enlightened as evident in factors such as nationhood. For instance, China used systems of examinations to persons seeking positions of power in order to determine the best candidate for the job whereas much of Europe in the same era saw individuals attaining such positions by way of religious decree or brute force. Despite the earlier so called civilization, China still faces major setbacks including economic and political failures.

Further exploration by the writer

Apart from the history of China, the writer has explored ways in which the ancient ideologies of Confucius apply to the modern-day China. The nation is still a communist society whereby socialism is encouraged rather than making personal profits. In becoming a person of value to the nation, one has to enhance peace within the society rather than encourage brawls and competition for power.


China has always been open to outside influence and is not entirely isolated as assumed. The country has always been a part of a transforming regional and global society. We cannot simply conclude that the country has moved from a traditional culture to a modern society as it is evident that social influences from within and external customs from the West have been a greater part of China’s transformation. This study concludes that China is a complex society and its coming to modernity has had an impact on the society and culture as a whole.

Modern China seems to be bringing together the Confucius ideology with the newly adopted ideologies of the outside world. The Chinese leaders in the 20th and 21th centuries sought to build a society with an equal and civilized society. The goal is to make the people of China aware of the social, political and economic growth within the country.

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