The Discussion on Sociology
This research study discusses various aspects of sociology in connection with the application of Kohlberg’s three stages of moral development. The three stages of Kohlberg’s are pre-conventional , conventional, and post conventional .Pre-conventional is based in obedience and punishment orientation, egocentric difference to superior power or prestige or trouble avoiding set. This analysis and prescription of moral stages is based upon my own personal experience as it helps me to distinguish between right and wrong based upon my own understanding. The conventional or normal stage is associated to the social norms and popular moral standards set on the basis of collective understanding of things and declaring things as morally ‘good’ or ‘bad’. Usually the conventional stage is associated with the declaration of a moral perspective as per orientation or incline of other people’s approval. I feel it an important part of my own personality to become morally acceptable in the light of other people’s common understanding of morality. This personality segment facilitates me in drawing a clear distinction between the things that I should do and/ or the things that I should not do. The other part is post conventional that is based upon the self acceptability as per morality based rules and regulations.
These principles are defined by considering the fact
of acceptability of shareable moral standards and duties versus rights
paradigm. These standards are related to the inner satisfaction and taking
internal decision making as the primary factor to set them at personal level. This
second stage is also important for me to consider for a better personality
development in terms of psychological and sociological principles. The overall
context of the socialization and moral values that we prefer to follow is based
upon the social norms practiced in our societies and what people around us
think morally wrong is wrong for us too. This is normal decision making pattern
for us as human beings that most of us do possess and our internal satisfaction
paradigm works on this pattern to distinguish and declare a particular action
as right or wrong. These norms become acceptable or reject able to the
societies based upon their cultural background and civilization diversity. The
old civilizations have a different approach to address a particular human
specific concern or moral question as compared to the civilizations of later
time. Therefore social and cultural norms are clearly dependent upon the
overall experiences of human beings living in a community. Hence, we can clearly set the primary agents
that play vital role in defining the moral values in our personality as our
family lives, schooling, our friendships and also the mass media. Now a days,
social media has also become an important stakeholder in spreading the acceptable
moral values and standards among different communities and cross cultures at
global level. People have a better sense of social interactivity using the
internet and they come to know different moral values and standards preferred
by other communities and groups of individuals. They can argue or ask why a
particular moral value is acceptable or reject able in a particular society or
community of people. This has enhanced a chance of developing a collective
consensus of human beings at global or regional level to set new trends related
to the morality (Kendall 2015).
Kendall D(2015).Culture. In sociology. In Our Times (10th.ed) Stamford Cengage Learning.
Agents of Socialization. (2004).